is arguably the highest quality creatine monohydrate available
today. See 'What's
in Your Creatine?' by Will Brink.
"As for me, I will make sure my creatine comes only
from companies and distributors who sell creatine made
by the large German company."
formally SKW, is the German manufacturer of Creapure™
batch is HPLC
tested for purity as well as microbiological tests.
batch comes with a signed Certificate of Analysis.
comparing prices with other products be sure that the
label states that they contain either Pfanstiehl or Creapure
creatine, otherwise assume that a lesser grade (and cheaper)
monohydrate has been consistently shown to increase both
strength and muscle mass (Burke
et al, 2001, Bemben
et al, 2001, Becque
et al, 2000, Stone
et al, 1999).
monohydrate is safe. A recent study found that oral supplementation
with creatine monohydrate has no long-term (5 year) detrimental
effects on kidney or liver functions (Mayhew
et al, 2002). Also see Schilling
et al, 2000 and EU Scientific Committee on Foods' opinion.
carbs like dextrose and maltodextrin (also high GI carbs
combined with protein) increase the rate of creatine up-take
by muscle through raised insulin levels (see Steenge
et al, 2000).
is stable at least to 97°C (Dash
& Pyne, 2002) so it can be dissolved in warm water
or green tea..